The rate of youth gun violence remains at public-health crisis proportions in Richmond and throughout Virginia. Our state’s capital holds the grim title as the locality with the highest rate of gun-related homicides in the state annually in recent years — and black youth statewide remain disproportionately impacted by gun-related violence, according to Virginia Department of Health statistics.
Statewide, African Americans represented 77% of hospitalizations due to nonfatal gun-related assaults in 2017, while 79% of these injuries were suffered by people 15 to 34 years old, regardless of race.
In Richmond, gun violence, which continues to overwhelm centers of poverty in the city’s East End and South Side, rose by 32% in 2019 compared to the previous year, with more than 260 shootings. As of the first week of March, five of seven homicide victims in the city this year were younger than 30. Of the city’s 24 nonfatal shootings in the same period, over half of victims were in this age group, while deadly crossfire is known to strike young children.
Gun violence’s bloody uptick “is the most significant problem we face,” says Richmond Police Chief William Smith. “That’s the one thing that is the most difficult to change and it has the most significant impact on our community.”
It’s sadly the reality for many students enrolled in the Richmond Public Schools, says Jason Kamras, as he recently recalled a student who said it was “normal” to know a person who had been shot.
And though perpetrators and victims of gun violence are most often parties locked in personal disagreements — frequently fueled by social media feuds in recent trends — the effects are indiscriminate, Smith says.
The death of 3-year-old Shamar Hill Jr., who died on a Saturday afternoon in February after he was caught in crossfire while playing outside with his sister in the Hillside Court neighborhood, shows the excruciating ripple effect throughout communities.
During the vigil celebrating the life of the young boy nicknamed Simba, a community with tear-streaked faces clutched red, green and blue balloons. Hill’s anguished father implored the crowd, “How is your home a war zone?”
The deplorable and tragic death of 9-year-old Markiya Dickson during a Memorial Day weekend cookout in Carter Jones Park, helped put local and state legislative focus on child victims of gun violence, ahead of the Democrat-controlled General Assembly’s push to pass unprecedented gun safety legislation this session.
- Scott Elmquist
- A memorial for Markiya Simone Dickson in Carter Jones Park. Markiya was shot and killed at the park during a cookout on Memorial Day weekend. About 200 people gathered for a vigil in Markiya’s honor.
The legislative strides come as a local coalition of public agencies, nonprofits and Richmond residents forming the Inspire Workgroup, focused on tackling youth violence, call attention to the crisis for the third consecutive year.
From March 16-21, the coalition is marking Youth Violence Prevention Week in the city with events focused on fostering communal and familial bonds and remembering youth victims of gun violence [see sidebar]. In remembrance, the Well Art Gallery is showcasing “Richmond in Pieces” an exhibition of photographs by Style Weekly photojournalist Scott Elmquist documenting families adversely impacted by gun violence over 20 years.
In observance of Youth Violence Prevention Week, Style Weekly spoke to a couple of these impacted youth — one of whom has received assistance from Inspire stakeholders — about trauma due to gun violence, their aspirations and insights on solutions to the problem.
- Scott Elmquist
- Arjanae Avula remembers gun violence being a regular occurrence growing up in Richmond public housing. “Until more kids get out of survival mode, they won’t be able to see anything more for themselves,” she says.
“Every person I know that died young died because of guns,” says Arjanae Avula, a 19-year-old who remembers that guns seemed to be everywhere in Richmond public housing communities she moved in and out of with her mother, as the oldest of ten siblings.
Avula recalls a friend, Billie, who was killed in a drive-by shooting after fighting with other kids in a North Side neighborhood. Her experiences with gun injuries go beyond violence to the accidental injury of a 3-year-old cousin who picked up a gun off a bed and shot himself and survived, and the suicides of a friend aged 19 and another in their midteens.
Avula’s immediate family was threatened by gun violence when the father of some of her siblings shot through the window of their home when her mother tried to break up with him.
“You ain’t nothing without me,” he told her.
Avula, who was living with her aunt for much of her teens, wasn’t at home during the shooting. She returned to the house afters chool to the sight of bullet holes in a bedroom wall, window and a pillow on the bed.
- Scott Elmquist
- Sherod Jenkins, 18, is working to get his life back on track by finding a job, buying a car and earning his GED after falling victim to gun violence down the street from his North Side Richmond home in June, with friend Makel Al-Qadaffi. He says he’s determined to meet his goals “but sometimes things backfire.”
Shockingly, her siblings and mother appeared emotionless and unphased, as if gun violence was commonplace.
“I felt really confused,” Avula says. “I was trying to process it like, someone shot through the window, my brothers and sisters are fine and my mother doesn’t care about it.”
Avula, who has permanently lived with adoptive parents in Church Hill since graduating from high school, has worked with a therapist to reconcile decades of anger due to abuse and constant danger while living with her biological mother. She’s since discovered a passion for volunteering and assisting her adoptive mother, a Chimborazo Elementary School teacher, with classroom management for children who may have experienced trauma.
“I was that kid who was experiencing trauma, so it’s easy for me to connect and understand them,” she says.
Avula adds that “everything dealing with guns and minorities all relates to trauma” and systemic inequalities, such as the disproportionate prosecution of African Americans for minor drug offenses, often leads to extended jail sentences and lost opportunities.
She implores legislators to consider the experiences of youths living under the threat of gun violence when penning laws concerning gun possession and safety.
“That’s why I don’t mind telling my story,” Avula says. “Somebody needs to hear it.”
- Scott Elmquist
- Briana Austin can recall having recurring nightmares following the shooting of her mother, Star Myles, pictured behind her.
From an early age, Briana Austin, 15, says she learned “the red flags that someone might bring into a relationship [and] knows not to stay.”
The lesson was hard learned. Over eight years ago, Austin’s mother, Star Myles, was shot by her then husband near her left eye. Miraculously, Myles survived, even though the bullet was lodged near a main artery. Myles was holding her youngest of three daughters, then a 1-year-old, when she was struck.
Austin remembers grasping her mother’s hand before first responders arrived, repeatedly crying out “Mom, Mom!” as Myles lost consciousness.
“I felt shocked seeing my mom on the floor,” she says. “I felt scared and panicked at the same time. I didn’t know what to do. My older sister called the police.”
Myles’ ex-husband was arrested at the scene and sentenced to 50 years without probation.
“To me that’s a lifetime,” Myles says.
The years that followed were filled with physical and emotional trials for Myles and her girls. The mother underwent 16 reconstructive surgeries, included the placement of a prosthetic eye. Due to the precarious location of the bullet, it couldn’t be removed by doctors.
Eventually, the bullet “worked its way out near my tonsils” Star says.
Before that, she was stuck with an audible click whenever she swallowed, a constant reminder.
The bullet is now a gruesome souvenir, kept as “part of my closure,” she says.
- Scott Elmquist
- Taequan Smith, 18, had to learn how to walk again after he was shot in both thighs and his left calf in the Hillside Court neighborhood. He didn’t catch a glimpse of the shooter, who wasn’t apprehended. A friend who was with him only remembers seeing a green beam of light from behind buildings. Smith says the incident has left him constantly looking over his shoulder. “I was a very outgoing person. I was a person who would always want to go to parties,” he says. He adds that his fear is not about the crowd, “but who’s in the crowd.” The shooting made him look at life differently and “take it one day at a time.” Smith says he excels in math and plans to study physical therapy or accounting.
Austin was tormented by recurring “bad dreams of [her father] coming back and doing stuff to get revenge.”
As Myles slowly readjusted, Austin and her siblings helped as much as possible with household tasks and moral support. A naturally gifted cook who aspires to operate her own restaurant, Austin was often tasked with preparing family dinners.
Slowly, the family has found a new rhythm and surges forward. Myles can work again and currently has a job
“I never thought I would be a normal person again, And that’s how I feel, normal. I’m grateful.”
- Scott Elmquist
- Makel Al Qadaffi, 18, was shot close to his home in North Side in June and says he wants to provide a safe environment for his daughter Kamoni. “By the time she comes to reality about what the world is, I want her to be in a neighborhood where she ain’t got to worry about nothing,” he says. “She could just go outside and play with her friends and not have to worry about nothing.”
Richmond Youth Violence Prevention Week
All events are free and open to the public. For information, email them at firstname.lastname@example.org
Monday, March 16: Youth Matter
“Richmond in Pieces” art exhibit and opening reception at the Well Art Gallery, 1301 Hull St. Style Weekly photographer Scott Elmquist’s photographs spanning 20 years of families and communities affected by violence in Richmond. The community is invited to participate by bringing its own memorial objects. 6 to 8 p.m.
Tuesday, March 17: Safe and Healthy Communities
The Five Elements of Hip Hop will be held at Six Points Innovation Center, 3001 Meadowbridge Road Lyrics and Beats, a hip-hop critical thinking workshop designed to improve and promote positive thinking. Snacks provided. 6 to 8 p.m.
Wednesday, March 18: Meeting Economic Needs
Pathways to Opportunities Resource Fair at Southside Community Center, 6255 Old Warwick Road. During this event youth will participate in interactive games focused on cultivating entrepreneurship skills and promoting financial literacy. Participants will get to engage with Richmond business owners, employers and mentors. 6 to 8 p.m.
Thursday, March 19: Peaceful Families
Community Family Dinner at Woodville Elementary School, 2000 N. 28th St. Dinner provided. 6 to 8 p.m.
Friday, March 20: Unite in Action
Unite in Action Day at Northside YMCA, 4207 Old Brook Road. Join the Inspire workshop for free music and hip-hop karaoke and games. Unite by wearing orange. The first 250 youth get a #804foryouth T-shirt and concession ticket. 4:30 to 8 p.m.
Saturday, March 21: Youth Peace Summit
Richmond Peace Education Center Youth Peace Summit at Pine Camp Cultural Arts and Community Center, 4901 Old Brook Road. Lunch provided. An interactive panel of local artists, activists and healers offers experiences of crafting creative responses to community violence. Midday performances. 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.